Understanding Outdoor Lighting

Understanding Outdoor Lighting
As a photographer, you are work with kind of outdoor Lighting to create quality pictures. The color, direction, quantity, and quality of the light you utilize determines how your subjects appear. within the studio, with artificial light sources, you you'll be able to exactly control these four effects; however, most of the images you create are taken outdoors. Daylight and sunlight don't seem to be a continuing supply, as a result of they change hourly and with the weather, season, location, and latitude. This changing daylight will alter the apparent shapes, colors, tones, and kinds of a scene. the colour of daylight changes most rapidly at the extreme ends of the day. sturdy color changes also occur throughout storms, haze, or mist and on blue wintery days. The direction of light changes because the sun moves across the sky. the form and direction of shadows are altered, and the totally different directions of sunlight greatly have an effect on the appearance of a scene.

Here's four types of outdoor Lighting you'll commonly find :

Front Outdoor Lighting

Front Outdoor Lighting, the light coming over your shoulder and falling on the subject, is flat. It hurts the dimensionality of the subject and makes them seem lifeless. You need fill light here just like you will side lighting.
Understanding Outdoor Lighting

Side Outdoor Lighting

Side Outdoor Lighting, coming from 45 to 90 degrees of the subject is good for landscapes, where medium to heavy shadows sculpt the view and give depth and sense of scale. But it's cruel to people. The light needs to softened when you use it. You'll need fill light. A reflector should do the trick. A number things work well as reflectors in this type of light. A sheet of printer paper, a sheet of construction paper, a sheet of cardboard will bounce back a warmer light. Aluminum foil, the shinny side or the dull side, crinkled or flat.
Understanding Outdoor Lighting

Top Outdoor Lighting

Top Outdoor Lighting out of doors is around noon. The worst time to shoot is between 10 am and 2 pm because of this type of lighting. This light casts the eyes in dark shadows and the mouth hides in the shade of the nose. Plus everything else in the scene is two dimensional and uninteresting. Don't bother. This is perfect time for planning, and a three martini lunch.
Understanding Outdoor Lighting
When it was common to shoot on film each roll came with a spec sheet giving the characteristics of the film. It also included a simple guide to light. My favorite outdoor light was called Cloudy-Bright. When the sky was lightly overcast. The sun was still visible but diffuse, It's visible in the sky but you could look at it without hurting your eyes. It lit subjects evenly with shadows of light to medium density. You could see into the shadows and even make out some of the detail. The next time there's a day like this go outside and look around. This is normal photographic lighting, the lighting you're trying to achieve, both indoors and outdoors.

Twilight Outdoor Lighting

Twilight outdoor lightning is good time to shoot too, the light has a mysterious and romantic quality and scenes are easily imbued with emotion. But here, as in most cases, you'll need fill light for your subject.
Understanding Outdoor Lighting
The big difference is that twilight is cold light. The light shifts toward the blue end of the spectrum. The blue end is considered cold, the red end, the opposite end, is considered warm. So you may want your fill light to be reddish. There's a Vimeo lesson where they used a glass of whiskey in front of the flash to make the light look warmer. That's a great idea. What other things can you think of to soften light? Gauze or other fabrics? Cellophane, plastic food wrap? These things can go over the light or the lens. It's up to you, but know the rules. 
When you're taking light readings many timesyou will find the range of light is too great. A simple rule is to expose for the highlights and let the shadows take care of themselves.

Related Article:
  1. The Importance of Light in Photography
  2. Photography and light source
  3. Correcting Exposure with the Shadows and Highlights Tool
  4. Top Tips for Better Landscape Pictures

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